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Chile

Description of Chile

Chile is located in South America. It stretches across the southern part of the west coast, lying between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It shares a border with Bolivia, Peru, and Argentina. The country has more than 5000 kilometers of coast on the southern Pacific Ocean.

History 

Chile was ruled by the Incas before the Spanish arrived during the 16th century. There were other indigenous tribes in the area as well, but many of these tribes died off because of murder and disease or they were mixed in with immigrants from Europe. 

Chile declared independence in the year 1810, but victory over Spain did not occur until the year 1818. This final victory was due to help from Rioplatense forces. This attack led to the Transandine army heading over to liberate Peru from the Spanish, which eliminated the Spanish influence from the area. 

During the War of the Pacific, which took place from 1879 through 1883, Chile invaded areas of Bolivia and Peru and then kept territory that would eventually become what is now the northern region of the country. It was during the 1880s when the Mapuche were subjugated completely. It was also during this time when the Tierra del Fuego and the Patagonia were annexed by the state of Chile as well as Rapa Nui. This expanded its influence throughout the inner Pacific. 

Chile has been relatively free of the unstable government and coups that are common throughout Latin America. However, the country did endure a 17 year dictatorship from Augusto Pinochet. This was supported by the government of the United States and left from 3000 to 5000 people disappeared or dead. Most of the missing people were democrats, left wing thinkers, and those who were critical of the government. Pinochet’s dictatorship was criticized throughout the world because of the brutal methods that were used in order to control the population. This included forced disappearances and torture. However, his dictatorship left a fairly stable and successful economic model. This is credited with providing a high standard of living, but also has increased the amount of corruption as well as made a large gap between the rich and the poor. 

In 1988, when the military government lost the national referendum, a left-center Chilean administration took over. The new, more moderate government led by Patricio Aylwin, decided that it was sensible to keep the free market policies that are still present in the country today. 

Chile is a member of the Union of South American Nations as well as the United Nations and is also a part of the OECD, which is a group of the “most developed” countries according to international standards. Chile is the first South American country to receive that honor.

Destinations 

Chile offers an unusual landscape which means that the climate will vary based on the region. This leaves many things to see and do throughout the entire country. Of course there are many great beaches located up and down the coast, but there are other things to see and do while in the country as well including: 

  • San Alfonso resort: Here you will find the largest recreational pool of the world. You will want to have a sailboat in order to complete the entire 2 kilometer length.
  • Villarrica is surrounded by volcanos and lakes
  • San Pedro de Atacama
  • Western Patagonia
  • Chiloe is the largest island of Chile
  • Portillo in El Colorado offers wonderful ski resorts
  • The Torres del Paine National Park is wonderful to visit
  • Valle de Elqui
  • Robinson Crusoe Island

Eat, Drink, and Sleep 

There are some wonderful local dishes that you should enjoy while you are in the country. Pastel de choclo is a corn casserole that is made with chicken, ground beef, hardboiled eggs, raisins, olives and a topping of sweet corn paste and sugar. Some of the other dishes that you may want to try including empanada de pino, empanada de queso, cazuela de ave, cazuela de vacuno, porotos Granados, curanto, and southern sopalpillas. 

Beside some of the local cuisines you will also find food that can be found in any western country. Potatoes, rice, meat, and bread make up the typical diet and vegetables are abundant throughout the central area of the country. 

You must be 18 years old to drink alcohol in Chile and this law is enforced strictly. There are some excellent wines produced in the country. 

Mote con Huesillo is a wonderful summertime drink that is made from dried peaches and wheat seeds which are boiled and sweetened. The drink is served cold. Some of the other drinks that you may want to try including Chilean Pisco, mango sour, piscola, borgona, terrmoto, schop, Jote, and many different beers. 

When it comes to places to stay, there are many hotels located in the cities. Some of the more popular chains include the Ritz, Marriott, Kempinsky, Sheraton, Holiday Inn, and the Hyatt. There are smaller hotels and hostels found throughout the country as well. If you are backpacking around the country there is a hostel to be found in almost every smaller town and city. In addition, there are a number of accommodations found in the ski centers in the mountainous areas. 

Some facts about Chile

Population of country 16,746,491 people
Area of Chile 756,950 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent (SA)
Capital of Chile Santiago
Currency at Chile Peso (CLP)
Domain Zone .cl
Phone country code 56
FIPS code of Chile CI

Gallery of Chile

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Chile video guide

More information about Chile

Climate of Chile:
  • temperate
  • desert in north
  • Mediterranean in central region
  • cool and damp in south
Terrain of Chile:
  • low coastal mountains
  • fertile central valley
  • rugged Andes in east
Chile also has such useful resources as: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower.

Top cities of Chile


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Santiago 4,837,295 people Region Metropolitana de Santiago -33.42628 x -70.56656
2 Puente Alto 510,417 people Region Metropolitana de Santiago -33.61667 x -70.58333
3 Antofagasta 309,832 people Region de Antofagasta -23.65 x -70.4
4 Vina del Mar 294,551 people Region de Valparaiso -33.02457 x -71.55183
5 Valparaiso 282,448 people Region de Valparaiso -33.03932 x -71.62725
6 Talcahuano 252,968 people Region del Biobio -36.71667 x -73.11667
7 San Bernardo 249,858 people Region Metropolitana de Santiago -33.6 x -70.71667
8 Temuco 238,129 people Region de la Araucania -38.73333 x -72.6
9 Iquique 227,499 people Region de Tarapaca -20.22083 x -70.14306
10 Concepcion 215,413 people Region del Biobio -36.82699 x -73.04977
11 Rancagua 212,695 people Region del Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins -34.17083 x -70.74444
12 La Pintana 201,178 people Region Metropolitana de Santiago -33.58331 x -70.63419
13 Talca 197,479 people Region del Maule -35.43333 x -71.66667
14 Arica 185,999 people Region de Arica y Parinacota -18.475 x -70.30417
15 Coquimbo 161,317 people Region de Coquimbo -29.95333 x -71.34361
16 Puerto Montt 160,054 people Region de Los Lagos -41.47167 x -72.93694
17 La Serena 154,521 people Region de Coquimbo -29.90778 x -71.25417
18 Chillan 150,396 people Region del Biobio -36.60664 x -72.10344
19 Calama 143,084 people Region de Antofagasta -22.46667 x -68.93333
20 Osorno 135,773 people Region de Los Lagos -40.56667 x -73.15
21 Valdivia 133,419 people Region de Los Rios -39.81422 x -73.24589
22 Quilpue 130,263 people Region de Valparaiso -33.045 x -71.44944
23 Copiapo 129,280 people Region de Atacama -27.36667 x -70.33333
24 Los Angeles 125,430 people Region del Biobio -37.46667 x -72.35
25 Punta Arenas 117,430 people Region de Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena -53.15 x -70.91667
26 Lo Prado 104,316 people Region Metropolitana de Santiago -33.4443 x -70.72552
27 Curico 102,438 people Region del Maule -34.98333 x -71.23333
28 Villa Alemana 97,320 people Region de Valparaiso -33.04222 x -71.37333
29 Coronel 92,940 people Region del Biobio -37.01667 x -73.13333
30 San Antonio 85,651 people Region de Valparaiso -33.59333 x -71.62167

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