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Cocos Islands

Description of Cocos Islands

Cocos Islands are also called the Keeling Islands. This group of islands is located in the Indian Ocean about 900 kilometers west of Christmas Island and about 2750 kilometers north and west of Perth. There are 2 islands of the group that are inhabited, Home island and West Island. Several islands in the group are not inhabited including North Keeling Island, which is a national park, but you may only enter if you have permission from Parks Australia. The other uninhabited islands are South Island and Horsburgh Island. There are passenger ferries that go to Direction Island each Saturday. 

The Cocos Islands consist of 27 coral islands. They were discovered in 1609 by Captain William Keeling. None of islands were inhabited until the 19th century. The United Kingdom annexed the group in the year 1857 and then transferred control over to Australia in the year 1955. The 2 inhabited islands are split between the ethnic Malays that live on Home Island and the ethnic Europeans who live on West Island. 

The only cash crop of the islands is coconuts, which grow all over. There are small local gardens as well as fishing, which each contribute to the supply of food. All other necessities have to be imported. The islands also have a small tourism industry.

Visiting the Islands 

There are local tour operators that provide cultural tours of the islands. You can also choose to explore the islands on your own. You will soon see why the islands have been called a nature lovers and water lover’s paradise. 

Throughout the year there are a number of different events held including traditional events around the holidays such as Christmas, New Years, and Easter. Some of the unique events include a Lagoon swim. During this event competitors will swim from Home island to West Island. Teams and individuals can enter and everyone has a ton of fun during the event. The race finishes during the evening hours where the winners are presented. 

Some of the other events include quiz nights, the Cocos ball, the Cocos Olympics, Ardmona Cup, a music and wine festival. Visitors to the islands are encouraged to partake in these events and the activities. The dates of the events are different each year. 

Some of the other things to do when visiting the island include diving, golfing, sailing, and touring the islands.

Some facts about Cocos Islands

Population of country 628 people
Area of Cocos Islands 14 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Oceania (AS)
Capital of Cocos Islands West Island
Currency at Cocos Islands Dollar (AUD)
Domain Zone .cc
Phone country code 61
FIPS code of Cocos Islands CK

Gallery of Cocos Islands

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Cocos Islands video guide

More information about Cocos Islands

Climate of Cocos Islands:
  • tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year
Terrain of Cocos Islands:
  • flat, low-lying coral atolls
Cocos Islands also has such useful resources as: fish.

Top cities of Cocos Islands


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 West Island 120 people -12.15681 x 96.82251

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