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Dominican Republic

Description of Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean. It occupies about 2/3 of Hispaniola. The other third of the island is occupied by Haiti. The island is surrounded by the Caribbean sea in the south and the Atlantic Ocean in the north.

The Dominican Republic gained independence in 1844 and since that time it has had many years of rule without representation. Joaquin Beleaguer became the president of the country in 1966 and held that title until 1996. Currently, elections are held regularly in the country and there is now a quickly increasing economy with tourism being a large part of the growth.      

There is a diverse countryside offering a great escape for adventure travelers. You can find desert expanses, rainforests featuring mangrove swamps and alpine ranges. This is the perfect playground for water sport junkies, mountain bike enthusiasts, and trekkers.

There are many luxurious resorts dotting both the east and west coasts of the country. However, the country has a lot more to offer. There is the delightful dance and music of the Caribbean, exotic drinks and food, local baseball games as well as a wonderful colonial architecture that is found in Santa Domingo. Additionally, there are small villages, sugar plantations, and great mountain retreats that can be explored.

History

On his first expedition in December of 1492, Columbus explored and claimed Quisqueya. He named the island La Hispaniola and this became a starting point for the Spanish conquest of the mainland of America as well as the Caribbean.

The Tainos and the Caribes first inhabited the islands. The Tainos were friendly and the Caribes were cannibals. Just a few years after European explorers arrived in the area the Tainos population was reduced significantly by the Spanish. It is estimated that around 100,000 Tainos were killed by the Spanish conquerors from 1492 through 1498.

La Isabela was the first of the European settlements on the continent. Santa Domingo was founded in 1496 by Bartolome Colon and was moved later to just west of the Ozama river in the year 1502 by Frey Nicolas de Ovando.

Spain’s king had the western part of the island depopulated in the year 1606 because of the high rates of smuggling and piracy. This measure was the start of a French invasion and led to the creation of Haiti. The French dominion over a portion of the island on the western side was recognized by Spain in the year 1697. This eventually became Haiti in the year 1804. The rest of the island was called Santa Domingo and tried to gain independence in the year 1821. However, it was conquered by the Haitians, who would rule the area for the next 22 years. In the year 1844, the area gained its independence and became the Dominican Republic.

The country had an unsettled rule, mostly unrepresented for most of its history. This was until Joaquin Balaguer became the president in the year 1966. Balaguer maintained power for the majority of the next thirty years until international reactions to the flawed elections led him to end his reign in the year 1996. Since that time regular elections are held and opposition candidates win many of the elections. This has resulted in the economy of the Dominican having one of the quickest rates of growth in the hemisphere.

Tourism

Tourism is one of the biggest reasons that the economy of the Dominican Republic has grown so fast over the past several years. There have been many great hotels, resorts, and other places to stay built on the island. You will find huge beach resorts and small personal options scattered throughout the cities and the along the coasts. There is a 25% room tax charged by the hotels that you should be aware of before you book your room. You will need to ask if the tax is included in the charges, which it often is, so that you are not surprised by this additional fee upon your arrival.

Some facts about Dominican Republic

Population of country 9,823,821 people
Area of Dominican Republic 48,730 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Central America and the Caribbean (NA)
Capital of Dominican Republic Santo Domingo
Currency at Dominican Republic Peso (DOP)
Domain Zone .do
Phone country code +1-809 and
FIPS code of Dominican Republic DR

Gallery of Dominican Republic

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Dominican Republic video guide

More information about Dominican Republic

Climate of Dominican Republic:
  • tropical maritime
  • little seasonal temperature variation
  • seasonal variation in rainfall
Terrain of Dominican Republic:
  • rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
Dominican Republic also has such useful resources as: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver.

Top cities of Dominican Republic


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Santo Domingo 2,201,941 people Distrito Nacional 18.50012 x -69.98857
2 Santiago de los Caballeros 1,200,000 people Provincia de Santiago 19.45 x -70.7
3 San Pedro de Macoris 217,899 people Provincia de San Pedro de Macoris 18.46156 x -69.29718
4 La Romana 208,437 people Provincia de La Romana 18.42734 x -68.97285
5 San Cristobal 154,040 people Provincia de San Cristobal 18.41667 x -70.1
6 Puerto Plata 146,000 people Puerto Plata 19.8 x -70.68333
7 San Francisco de Macoris 124,763 people Provincia Duarte 19.29518 x -70.25543
8 Salvaleon de Higuey 123,787 people Provincia de La Altagracia 18.61501 x -68.70798
9 Concepcion de La Vega 102,426 people Provincia de La Vega 19.22207 x -70.52956
10 Punta Cana 100,023 people Provincia de San Juan 18.58182 x -68.40431
11 Santa Cruz de Barahona 77,160 people Provincia de Barahona 18.20854 x -71.10077
12 Bonao 73,269 people Provincia de Monsenor Nouel 18.93687 x -70.40923
13 San Juan de la Maguana 72,950 people Provincia de San Juan 18.80588 x -71.22991
14 Bajos de Haina 66,784 people Provincia de San Cristobal 18.41538 x -70.03317
15 Bani 66,709 people Provincia de Peravia 18.28333 x -70.33333
16 Moca 61,834 people Provincia Espaillat 19.39352 x -70.52598
17 Azua de Compostela 59,139 people Provincia de Azua 18.45319 x -70.7349
18 Mao 48,297 people Provincia de Valverde 19.55186 x -71.07813
19 Esperanza 42,169 people Provincia de Valverde 19.5847 x -70.98489
20 Cotui 41,641 people Provincia Sanchez Ramirez 19.05272 x -70.14939
21 Villa Altagracia 40,027 people Provincia de San Cristobal 18.67297 x -70.17095
22 Hato Mayor del Rey 35,999 people Provincia de Hato Mayor 18.76278 x -69.25681
23 Nagua 33,862 people Provincia Maria Trinidad Sanchez 19.3832 x -69.8474
24 Villa Bisono 33,137 people Provincia de Santiago 19.56378 x -70.87582
25 Jarabacoa 29,983 people Provincia de La Vega 19.12178 x -70.64218
26 Constanza 29,481 people Provincia de La Vega 18.90919 x -70.74499
27 Santa Cruz de El Seibo 23,547 people Provincia de El Seibo 18.76559 x -69.03886
28 Tamboril 23,304 people Provincia de Santiago 19.48538 x -70.61104
29 Las Matas de Farfan 21,802 people Provincia de San Juan 18.87309 x -71.51656
30 San Jose de Ocoa 21,148 people Provincia de Peravia 18.55 x -70.5

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