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Grand St Bernard Pass

What Is The Grand St. Bernard Pass?

The Grand St. Bernard Pass is sometimes called the Great St. Bernard Pass. It is the 3rd highest road pass in the country of Switzerland. It connects Martigny in the Valais canton in the country of Switzerland to Aosta in the country of Italy. It is the lowest that lies on the ridge between the highest summits of the Swiss Alps, Monte Rosa and Mont Blanc. The pass is situated in the Valais canton in the country of Switzerland, and it is very near to Italy. It is situated on the primary watershed that divides the Rhone basis from the Po. 

The Grand St. Bernard Pass is the oldest pass through the western part of the Alps, and there is some proof that its use dates nearly to the Bronze Age and surviving remains of a Roman road. In the year 1800, the army of Napoleon took the pass to go into Italy, and that journey was the subject of a few famous oil paintings. Since it was later circumvented by simpler and better routes, especially the Great St. Bernard Tunnel which was opened in the early 1960s, it has mostly a recreational and historical value today. 

The Great St. Bernard Hospice is at the highest point of the road, and it was founded in 1049. It would become famous later on for using St. Bernard dogs to rescue people who were stranded, trapped, injured, or needed rescuing.

The Dogs and the Hospice 

There was a hospice for travelers which was set up around the year 1050, and it was established by Saint Bernard, and the hospice was given his name after the 16th century. It wasn’t the first hospice that was built in the pass. There were probably buildings there from the time of the Roman mansion, but the area wasn’t safe and they were demolished several times. The person who founded the monastery had a major concern, and that concern was how to keep bandits out of the area and make sure that it was safe for travelers to get to. The hospice would later become famous for using St. Bernard dogs. 

The hospice is located at the highest point of the road, which is in the country of Switzerland. Right now, the current road for through traffic has been routed around the exterior of the monastery. The old road can still be seen, but it is above the paved road.

Grand St Bernard Pass Photo Gallery

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